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How Much Solar Power Do I Need to Run a Refrigerator?

After installing a solar panel system at home, you may wonder whether using solar power instead of traditional electricity is more cost-effective. Since the electricity bill is a big part of your everyday cost, you are likely to know it clear where the money goes.

So maybe there are questions in your mind about the power consumption of each appliance in your house. For example, how much solar power do I need to operate a refrigerator? A refrigerator is necessary for all of you, so it is significant to figure out its energy consumption.

Key points about the solar-powered refrigerator

  • Running an average refrigerator requires approximately three or four typical solar panels to run.
  • Typical domestic solar panel systems are rated to produce power ranging from 1 KW to 4 KW.
  • Different types and sizes of refrigerators require different amounts of solar power.
  • Also, how much time you need the refrigerator to operate can influence the required solar power too. Some of you may stay at home and use the refrigerator frequently and longer. Others may go to offices or schools mostly.

How to calculate the energy requirement of your refrigerator?

As we know, different electrical appliance requires different amounts of power to start and operate. So using them can cost distinctive money. And charging bills is one of the most concerning issues for most solar power users.

One representative consumer of solar power is your refrigerator. Unlike lights, refrigerators can consume a large amount of energy to work, and the consumption is various according to how much food you put in and what kind of refrigerator you shop.

To work out how much solar power you need to run your refrigerator, the elementary thing is to calculate how much energy your refrigerator requires. And you can get this value with different methods.

  • Direct way: you may pay less attention to the given information, but almost all producers will attach the energy rating label on a sign. Normally, the sign will be posted on the door of the fridge.

what size solar panel for fridge

That information is labeled in kWh, and it can vary from 200 kWh to 600 kWh. Depending on this figure, you will get the running watts of your refrigerator in any unit.

For example, suppose the annual energy rating is 365 kWh, you can divide 365 days by the watts. And the result is 1kwh per day. Also, if you want to work out the watt for each hour, you still use division: 1 kWh ÷ 24 hours = 0.042 kW/h.

  • Indirect way: if you can’t find the above-mentioned sign, then go find quoted power rating. This message is usually added beside the product serial number. It is evaluated in watts.
  • Also, another way is that you can multiply the voltage with the required amperes of the refrigerator. So you will get the value of power, which may be varying from 100w to 400w, even more.

Next, you need to know how many hours you want your appliance to run per day, then you can get the final value by multiplying hours and the power.

This value will determine how large a refrigerator you will need and how many solar panels your solar system requires.

If you are a worker who is usually absent at home, you can choose a small refrigerator and fewer solar panels. On the other hand, if you are always at home and cook a lot, you should buy a larger fridge and need more solar panels.

The power consumption of a refrigerator is affected by the number of times it’s opened.

Do I need a battery for the running of the refrigerator?

solar panel to run refrigerator

Solar panels can only work when there is sunlight, which means that your refrigerator can be activated by the solar panels during days. But when it turns to night, how to power it? To solve this problem, you have to install a battery to store solar power so that the refrigerator can operate continuously during the night.

Then how to choose a battery? And can the battery provide enough power to run the refrigerator at night?

You should make sure that your battery capacity can handle the power need of your refrigerator for a whole night.

  • Usually, there are batteries with voltages of 12v, 24v, and 48v for various applications. To run a refrigerator, you can choose to use a 12V battery.
  • Then, we need to know the battery amp-hours. It indicates the battery capacity, in other words, the battery can provide how many amperes for your refrigerator and how long the supply will continue.
  • To make sure that your refrigerator operates well by solar power without stop, we can suppose that the battery can provide power for a whole day.
  • For example, if the running watts of your refrigerator is 200 watts, then the sum watts per day can be calculated by multiplying 200 watts with 24 hours. So the total wattage will be 4800 Wh (4.8 kWh).
  • Then you can figure out the total amperes by this formula: 4800Wh ÷ 12V = 400Ah. So theoretically you will need a 12V, 400Ah battery. But to consider the battery tolerance and power backup, you can multiply it with two: 400A x 2 = 800Ah.

How about solar system?

how many solar panels do i need to power a refrigerator

Solar panels are the most important component of a solar system. All your solar power is produced by solar panels. So to figure out how much solar power you need to run a refrigerator, you have to do some calculations about the solar panels, like the size, the number, and so on.

Before deciding on solar panels, there are also some other components worth talking about.

Charger controller

how much solar power to run a refrigerator

A solar charge controller is used to prevent your model from overcharging. It interfaces the solar panels and the batteries. Thus it plays an important role in regulating solar power from solar panels to batteries.

Choosing a correct charge controller is vital because it can help to avoid overcharging and unnecessary charging bills.

Charging controllers are also rated with voltage, including 12v, 24v, 36v, and 48v. You can select it according to your appliances. Besides, using a charge controller simply needs you to think about voltage and current. But there are different kinds of charge controllers for multiple purposes.

If you have no clear concept about a charge controller. Here we will talk about two common sorts of charge controllers: PWM and MPPT.

how many solar panels to run a refrigerator

  • PWM means Pulse-Width Modulation. Comparing an MPPT, a PWM controller is much more economical. But the defect is that it may generate big power loss According to the data, as much as up to 60% of power can be lost during conversion.
  • MPPT refers to Maximum PowerPoint Tracking. Unlike a PWM controller, an MPPT controller can effectively optimize the voltage coming from the solar panels. As a result, the produced energy by solar panels can be transferred to the battery bank at a maximum rate.

Accordingly, an MPPT controller has an efficiency of 93%-97% when transforming power. And the operation process and automatically adjust to the peak power point fast to achieve the optimal result. So it is a price-worth model to use.


solar panel for refrigerator

When it comes to the amount of solar power, no matter it is regarding the solar panel or appliances, the inverter is always an essential part of the solar system and the relative specification calculations.

Finding a capable inverter allows your solar system to operate well with the batteries and charge controllers. And to avoid any disorder situations, you need to consider some factors such as size when choosing an inverter.

Usually, we need an inverter with the same voltage as the battery. But the truth is that you are unlikely to run a refrigerator only at home. So you’d better add some extra tolerance(like 25%) to the specifications of the inverter.

Solar panels

solar power for refrigerator

To operate the refrigerator smoothly, you need to decide how many solar panels you need to buy. According to the reports, an excellent typical solar panel can produce about 30 kWh power per month. Next, you can find out the average running watts of your refrigerator. We suppose the value is 115 kWh each month.

Then you can divide the total running wattage in a month by the power production of solar power, and the result is:115 kWh ÷30 kWh ≈ 3.83

Therefore you need to install at least four solar panels to provide the needed power to operate an average refrigerator.


Although figuring out how much solar power you need to run your refrigerator is not an easy task, the given analysis and calculations are practical and understandable. So you can just have a try. Work it out by the given ways and see how much money you will save when using solar power to operate your refrigerators.

Of course, you should pay attention to the electing of all the necessary components, and make precise calculations of their specifications. Then you can have a satisfying user experience. If you don’t want to calculate, buying a solar-powered refrigerator is a good choice.

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